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Year 1 Content

At the end of the year most children should:

Number and Place Value

  • count to and across 100 forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number
  • count, read, write and order numbers to 100 in numerals
  • read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words
  • count in different multiples including twos, fives and tens
  • begin to count forwards and backwards in 10s from any number
  • identify one more and one less than a given number
  • identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations
  • use the language of equal to, more than, less than, fewer, most and least

Addition and Subtraction

  • read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs
  • add and subtract one digit numbers and two digit numbers to 20 (e.g. 9+9, 18-9) including zero
  • represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
  • solve simple one step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using objects and pictorial representations

Multiplication and division

  • solve one step problems in multiplication and division by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays (with support)


  • recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
  • recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity


Properties of shapes

  • recognise and name common 2D and 3D shapes

Position and direction

  • use the language of position and direction and motion (e.g. left, right, top, middle, bottom, in front of, between etc)
  • describe position, direction and movement including whole, half, quarter and three quarter turns


Compare, describe and solve practical problems for
  • lengths and height (long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half)
  • mass/weight (heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than)
  • capacity and volume (full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter)
  • time (quicker, slower, earlier, later)
Measure and begin to record the following:
  • lengths and heights
  • mass/weight
  • capacity and volume
  • time (hours, minutes, seconds)
Money and Time:
  • recognise and know the value of different coins and notes
  • sequence events in order using chronological language (e.g. before, after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon, evening)
  • recognise and use the language related to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years
  • tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on the clock face to show these times